New DHS Headquarters was a CIA MKUltra Test Facility


Adan Salazar
July 26, 2013

The Department of Homeland Security’s plans to occupy an old psychiatric hospital in the Washington D.C. area have slowly been moving forward, despite the project’s enormous projected cost.

Center Building at St. Elizabeths Hospital in Washington, D.C. / photo by User:Tomf688, via Wikimedia Commons

Center Building at St. Elizabeths Hospital in Washington, D.C. / photo by User:Tomf688, via Wikimedia Commons

The mammoth governmental entity, which has come to umbrella the offices of the Border Patrol Agency, Immigration and Customs Enforcement, FEMA, the abhorrent TSA, and even the Coast Guard since its creation in 2002, is working to consolidate all of its agencies within one campus at a cost of $4.5 billion.

Little-reported, however, is the facility’s history of being used to carry out mind-altering and brainwashing experimentation for the CIA (then known as the OSS) on unwitting mental patients, a clandestine program better known as MKUltra.

The primary goals of the MKUltra experiments were to test the effects of drugs, namely hallucinogens, and other forms of psychotherapy – including electroshock therapy – on humans, and to research and perfect methods of torture which could best be used to create Manchurian candidates, or mind-controlled persons, who could be programmed to carry out any number of harmful acts, up to and including assassinating presidents of the United States.

New York Times article written in August 1977 reported that the CIA used more than 80 facilities to carry out the hellish MKUltra projects, “including 44 colleges or universities as well as hospitals, prisons and pharmaceutical companies.”

The new DHS headquarters, St. Elizabeths Hospital, was one of these institutions.

“Adm. Stansfield Turner, the Director of Central Intelligence [from March 9, 1977 – January 20, 1981 under presidents Jimmy Carter and Ronald Reagan], testified today that the C.I.A. had secretly supported human behavior control research at 80 institutions,” Nicholas M. Horrock wrote for the Times.

“Admiral Turner acknowledged under questioning that the C.I.A. had apparently planned to test drugs on terminal cancer patients at the same institution where it secretly contributed $375,000 toward the construction of” Georgetown University Medical School in Washington D.C., the Times uncovered.

In a report entitled, “British psychiatry: from eugenics to assassination,” historian and investigative journalist Anton Chaitkin says, starting in 1943, facilities at St. Elizabeths Hospital were used to carry out projects under the auspices of the “truth drug” committee for the Office of Strategic Services, the CIA’s predecessor agency.

The superintendent and chief psychiatrist, Winfred Overholser, administered “hallucinogen mescaline to various test subjects,” Chaitkin divulges – the same type of research Nazi doctors were conducting on inmates of the Dachau and Auschwitz concentration camps.

Researchers at the online library say Dominic Streatfeild’s 2008 book, “Brainwash: The Secret History of Mind Control,” revealed that the OSS also tested a mescaline and scopolamine cocktail as a truth drug on two volunteers at St. Elizabeth’s Hospital.

Image depicts underage white female between ages of 8 and 10 who underwent MKUltra research, including treatment using heavy doses of LSD, electroshock therapy and sensory deprivation.

Image depicts underage white female between ages of 8 and 10 who underwent MKUltra research, including treatment using heavy doses of LSD, electroshock therapy and sensory deprivation. Click to enlarge.

In former CIA staff member John Marks book, “The Search for the Manchurian Candidate,” Chaitkin says he reveals that Overholser worked closely with a group of “counterintelligence agents inside the Manhattan Project atomic bomb project, and the FBI which was under the direction of Dr. Overholser’s Scottish Rite [freemasonry] comrade, FBI director J. Edgar Hoover.”

At the same time, Chaitkin writes, the OSS also worked closely with drug lords from the criminal underworld to assist federal agents in learning “the inside secrets of drug trafficking–but not to stop it.”

“Then in the spring of 1943, they perfected the right mix of marijuana and tobacco to produce a ‘state of irresponsibility’ in the subject.”

Ultimately, it could be said research at the St. Elizabeths Hospital helped lay the groundwork for influencing the drugged-out counter-culture 60s movement. “Later, during the 1950s and 1960s, the strategists of the MKUltra project would utilize the same channels of influence with U.S. security agencies to let them transform a generation of youth into dope users.”

Members of the U.S. Military were also used as unwitting guinea pigs, according to Chaitkin. “The Overholser group gave marijuana to U.S. soldiers at Army bases throughout the country, supposedly to aid in the search for subversives.”

Records regarding the secretive MKUltra experimentation have since all but been destroyed.

“In 1973 when then-DCI [director of Central of Intelligence] Richard Helms ordered the destruction of all documents associated with the MKULTRA program,” a brief summary appearing on the website describing a book entitled, “The Official C.I.A. Manual of Trickery and Deception,” states.

Given the St. Elizabeths Hospital’s notoriety of being used as one of the primary facilities to carry out covert government experimentation (using tax-payer dollars) and to conduct nefarious research into mind-control, it’s no surprise the DHS has chosen the location as their next outpost to be used in their continued efforts to subvert the United States’ Constitution.

DHS Planned to Kill Peaceful Protesters in Sniper Attacks

Feds, contractors and police prepared to carry out death squad operations

This document was obtained through a Freedom of Information Act request filed by the Partnership for Civil Justice Fund. Click on image to see enlargement.

This document was obtained through a Freedom of Information Act request filed by the Partnership for Civil Justice Fund. Click on image to see enlargement.

In June, cited a report by revealing that the “FBI was aware of an organization, possibly a local police department or private security company, that had plans to assassinate peaceful protesters during the Occupy Movement.”

The classified document released by the FBI read:

An identified [DELETED] as of October planned to engage in sniper attacks against protestors (sic) in Houston, Texas if deemed necessary. An identified [DELETED] had received intelligence that indicated the protesters in New York and Seattle planned similar protests in Houston, Dallas, San Antonio and Austin,Texas. [DELETED] planned to gather intelligence against the leaders of the protest groups and obtain photographs, then formulate a plan to kill the leadership via suppressed sniper rifles.

“According to journalist David Lindorff, the FBI planned to assassinate the leaders of the now moribund Occupy movement ‘via suppressed sniper rifles,” a follow up report by Kurt Nimmo confirmed.

The following is a transcript of Alex Jones spoken analysis:

It is essential to understand that information is being declassified on purpose, to create a chilling effect against constitutionally protected activities like demonstrations and protests. But it’s also there to mainline the idea that assassination/death squads are operating within America.

When you have the president signing the NDAA publicly saying we can kill, disappear Americans, we can torture, we can do whatever we want, that can then be given to special forces, contractors and others who have already been carrying out these types of seek-and-destroy operations in foreign countries.

So they believe it’s legal and lawful. In essence, this is the public roll-out, or testing of the waters. A trial balloon for death squads to operate openly in America.

All of this in the name of “terrorism,” when the government itself has become the ultimate terrorists.

This is psychological warfare against police, the military and the general public. It is the mainlining, the normalizing of the most barbarous, over-the-top, illegal activities that governments can engage in.

The open, premeditated plan to murder peaceful demonstrators on a scale that dwarfs Kent State protests.

This is a test to contractors, police, military and the feds–standby for your orders to kill.

This is how they’re creating an army of killers. The police need to know that this is a psyop aimed at them, to see if they’ll carry out over-the-top evil.

We’re talking about a truly hijacked rogue government that’s done this clandestinely in the third world for over sixty years.

What goes around, comes around.

America sat idly by while criminal elements used our government to carry out death squad operations, now it’s coming home.

Cops that don’t follow orders, get beat or sentenced to tax collecting, also known as meeting ticket quotas.

We focused in on the micro–how they’re manipulating the individual security services, let’s expand on the macro. Once it becomes well known that there’s death squads operating it will create a chilling effect.

But it will also cause reprisals.

When somebody’s car blows up like Hastings’ in the future, people will know it was done by the system.

They won’t know who to target, but there will be reprisals.

Military veterans will target every major city with IEDs in the near future and are the number terror threat according the DHS occupation forces.

The off the chart nature of this is what’s so genius.  Tyrants that go over the top, tend to succeed more often than tyrants that just move incrementally.

We’ve known for 5 years that DHS was shifting from Al-Qaeda to veterans and gun owners being the number one terror threat. And now it’s just been normalized.

Now we’re being acclimated to the idea of sniper teams taking people out for exercising the first amendment. If it worked for the Nazis and the Soviets, why not here?

Two days ago the House joined the NSA by endorsing illegal spying, which indicates the bottom has completely fallen out of our republic.

The blackest stench of tyranny now spills fourth from the maw of hell.  Every form of evil is being released from its eon-old sleep to crawl openly upon the ground and devour our security, our wealth and our future.

They’re getting ready to push us into a civil war.

They’re getting ready to push the security services into confrontations with the American people, to start the conflict that they’ve scripted.

Just like in Iraq they’ve pushed the Shiites off against the Sunnis. It’s pure divide and conquer, it’s scientifically diabolical.

If observers ever want to know how the U.S. could be brought down, it would be from within, with this 21st century type high-tech subterfuge.

This is it.

How can foreign banks steal tens of trillions of dollars of Americans’ money? Simple. Just say protesting banks is an act of terrorism and kill everybody who dares to speak out.

Why the Only Real Way to Buy Bitcoins Is on the Streets



A Buttonwood meetup in San Francisco. Photo: Ariel Zambelich/Wired

On a damp Thursday night in July, a half-dozen men gather on the steps of San Francisco’s Yerba Buena Gardens, just across from St. Patrick Church on Mission Street. They dress down, mostly wearing the jeans and t-shirts uniform of Bay Area programmers. As the sun sets, they’re trading currency in the fog, selling silver and cash for Bitcoins and other crypto-currencies. Every now and then a new trader wanders by, asking, “Buttonwood?”

Welcome to the quickest, most private way to buy the internet’s most successful digital currency: in-person and face-to-face.

Buttonwood meetups started in New York a few months ago and fanned out to San Francisco and Los Angeles. Buttonwood is an allusion to the May 17, 1792 agreement, struck under a buttonwood tree at 68 Wall Street, that set down the rules for what became the New York Stock Exchange. The Yerba Buena Bitcoiners see themselves as the modern descendants of these 18th century traders. Like them, they conduct their business in the open and face-to-face.

They also think they’re onto something big. They’re Bitcoin’s true believers, and they’re excited to be in on the ground floor. “It’s like a new country formed, and they need everything,” says John Light, the Bitcoin entrepreneur who organized the San Francisco Buttonwood meetup.

He packed up and moved to the Bay Area from the Washington suburb of Springfield, Virginia, in January, hoping to cash in on the Bitcoin excitement. For him, the event is a return to Bitcoin’s roots. “For me it was really about decentralizing the exchange process and giving people an easy way to buy and sell Bitcoins.”

It’s like a new country formed, and they need everything.

— John Light

A few minutes after I arrive, Zach Copley is looking for a buyer for his two American Eagle silver coins, worth about $27 each on eBay. Everyone is chatting and compulsively checking market updates on their mobile phones. Copley, a bearded 44-year-old “crypto currency enthusiast” with an orange shirt depicting a bomber dropping Bitcoins, asks Light if he’ll take them for $56. Light thinks they’re worth only $44. After some haggling, Light types Copley’s Bitcoin address into his mobile phone and transfers just over half a Bitcoin ($50) to Copley’s digital wallet.

These aren’t big value transactions, but the Buttonwood crew aren’t big-time traders. They’re the enthusiasts and the curious, dipping their toes in the world of crypto currencies. They want to meet other like-minded people and trade. Copley tells me he’d rather do everything online, but he’s had his online payments reversed by the banks. Meeting face-to-face and leaving with cash (or Bitcoins) in hand is safer. “The easiest and most profitable are the online [trades], however, they’re also the most risky,” he says.

It’s a little unexpected: The world’s pre-eminent digital currency is most safely traded face-to-face. But the Bitcoin phenomenon is itself unexpected. Bitcoins were conceived in 2009, in the warm ashes of the world financial meltdown. But they were proposed in a white paper and caught on without the backing of any central authority. In fact, the currency was a reaction against the too-big-to-fail banks that had inflated, and then abruptly paralyzed, the world’s economy.

A mathematical genius (some say it had to have been a group of people) under the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto first proposed the Bitcoin peer-to-peer network as a way of conducting online transactions without relying on financial institutions and all of their baggage — defaults, clawed-back transactions, service charges, their lack of privacy. “Merchants must be wary of their customers, hassling them for more information than they would otherwise need,” Nakamoto wrote in the academic paper explaining how his homemade currency would work, “but no mechanism exists to make payments over a communications channel without a trusted party.”

Bitcoin is that mechanism. And four years later, it does what Nakamoto envisioned. The peer-to-peer network that keeps track of the “Blockchain,” a running ledger of Bitcoin transactions, is massive. There are over 11.4 million Bitcoins in circulation. They’re worth about $90 each, putting the value of the Bitcoin economy at more than $1 billion. But there’s a catch. How do people first acquire Bitcoins? How do they sell them for U.S. dollars? “There’s a lot of anxiety and angst around the actual buying of Bitcoins,” says Light. To use the Mt. Gox exchange, for example, you have to submit photo ID and proof of residency before you can create an account. Processing new accounts can take weeks. Once your account is online, it still takes days to move money in and out of the account. Last month, Mt. Gox temporarily suspended money transfers to U.S. bank accounts. “Those waits can cause anxiety when there are delays or when the companies simply stop doing withdrawals or deposits for a period of time,” Light says.

It’s traditionally been tough to quickly buy Bitcoins with U.S. dollars, and recently it’s become tougher. Regulators at the federal and state level have made it clear that anyone engaged in the business of swapping Bitcoins for cash needs to know who their customers are in order to comply with anti-money laundering laws. That’s led to a pretty healthy off-the-books market for Bitcoin traders. Ground zero for this business is a website called, but buyers and sellers can also hook up over Internet Relay Chat at #bitcoin-otc

John Light checks his laptop before preparing to sell some Bitcoins. Photo: Ariel Zambelich/Wired

John Light (far left) sells Bitcoins to Zach Copley in exchange for silver. Photo: Ariel Zambelich/Wired operates a bit like the Bitcoin world’s eBay. It’s a marketplace. The site makes its money off of advertising fees, as it brings together buyers and sellers for face-to-face deals, and also for sales over the internet. I heard about it from a Las Vegas trader named Mark Russell, who told me in May that he was using it to run his own over-the-counter business. He’d earned a reputation as a reliable Las Vegas trader who could be counted on for large Bitcoin deals. On his Localbitcoins page, Russell says that he is no longer trading Bitcoins (his business partner told me that he’d been served with a cease and desist letter and was now working on another venture — a bitcoin ATM machinecalled Robocoin that he hopes to launch in Canada next month) but he had been offering trades between $5,000 and $50,000, with his cut starting at 5 percent.

Most of the San Francisco Bay Area traders on won’t trade for less than $200, and when I try out the service, the handful of small-scale sellers I do find are hard to reach. One eventually gets back to me and agrees to meet at a trendy Mission District coffee house on 24th street called Haus. Over tea and a latte, he pulls out his MacBook and I wait as his Bitcoin client syncs up with the network. I explain that I’m writing a story and he’s OK with selling me Bitcoins, but he doesn’t want me to use his name in this story. He doesn’t need the attention, he says. He’s unloading Bitcoins because people have been paying him in Bitcoins for software he wrote, and selling face-to-face is the only way to keep things off the books. Like John Light, he runs the full Bitcoin peer-to-peer client on his laptop, but the sheer volume of Bitcoin transactions this days are making this unworkable. He’d been out of town for a few weeks beforehand, and his client was un-synched. It took 40 minutes to catch up to the blockchain before he headed over to the cafe. And now we have to wait a few more minutes for the laptop to synch up again on the wireless network at the cafe.

Then I hand over $20 and I email him my Bitcoin address. He sends me the coins and we wait. Bitcoin transactions are booked on the peer-to-peer network every 10 minutes, so it can take awhile to confirm your deal really has gone through. There’s often a minor glitch with these face-to-face transactions. Once, the smartphone software I was using cut-and-pasted my Bitcoin address as a URL, which was rejected by the Bitcoin network. A week earlier, another seller I’d met at a local Bitcoin meetup scanned a QR code on my mobile phone and tried to send the Bitcoins to that address. But it took him several tries to complete the scan and close the transaction. Neither of us knew exactly why, but I sat across from him in a crowded room of people, itching to hand over the $20 bill in my hand. It felt slightly illicit.

I do often wonder what it looks like from the outside…
We’re sitting here at this table drinking our coffee, eating our
baguettes or whatever, and the other person will hand me a wad of cash.

— Chris Rico

The slightly illicit feeling to it all is part of the baggage of being a hot new alternative digital currency. Software developer Chris Rico has been selling and buying Bitcoins at a Saint Louis Bread Company location in St. Louis’s Tower Grove district for nearly a year. “I do often wonder what it looks like from the outside,” he says. “We’re sitting here at this table drinking our coffee, eating our baguettes or whatever, and the other person will hand me a wad of cash. We’ll fiddle with our phones for a minute and then we’ll walk off.”

These Bitcoin deals sometimes feel illicit because they are.

This much was true one Tuesday night at the Uptown Bar in San Francisco’s Mission District. As the American League wins baseball’s All-Star game on television, a college student — he’s asked us not to identify him — waits for his Bitcoin connection. After a few minutes, a 30-something white guy in baggy jeans and a loose hoodie comes in and orders a Tecate. Then he takes out an Android phone and puts it on his lap. The buyer takes out a envelope of cash and hands it over for counting. Ten minutes later, the Bitcoin seller is gone, and the college student says he’s going to use the 14 Bitcoins he’s just picked up to buy MDMA on the Silk Road.

This is his second face-to-face buy. The previous one was from a guy in his mid-60s at a local Starbucks. He used to buy and sell on a (temporarily shuttered) marketplace called Bitinstant. But a few months ago, “it started to ask for too much of my information,” the student says. Given the nature of his business, he wants to buy Bitcoins without being tracked. “Localbitcoin is the last anonymous way of doing it,” he says.

These are the kinds of deals that have regulators worried. But if you ask state or federal regulators whether people who are trading Bitcoins in person need to register as money lenders, it’s impossible to get a definitive answer.

Do the Buttonwood traders need to register as money transmitters? “It depends,” says Steve Hudak, a spokesman with the Treasury Department’s Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN). This is the department that sets the regulations designed to keep the crooks out of the U.S. financial situation, and it’s had an uneasy relationship with Bitcoin companies. In May, Mt. Gox had a U.S. bank account shut down because the feds said it did not comply with FinCEN guidelines.

But according to Hudak, some face-to-face traders probably need to register with the federal government as money transmitters. But there’s no hard and fast rule about who needs to register. The difference, he says, is how serious you are about trading cash for Bitcoins. “FinCEN is primarily concerned with those who are making a business out of exchanging Bitcoins for money,” he says. “Depending on the facts or circumstances of the activity, they may need to register as a money transmitter.”

Al (last name withheld) pays Dan Held cash for Bitcoins at the Buttonwood meetup. Photo: Ariel Zambelich/Wired

“Handling cash is expensive, it’s painful…. if you didn’t have to handle cash, you’d mop the floors when you’re done and close the shop.” — Adam Sah. Photo: Ariel Zambelich/Wired

At the Buyer’s Best Friend Mercato in North Beach, you can try out stone ground organic chocolate, pick up a box of Vata teabags, or pick up a two-pound bag of sprouted wheat flour. If you want, you can buy a few Bitcoins, too.

I learn about this on and decided to walk into my local Buyer’s Best Friend, just a few blocks from my home. It’s my first time in Buyer’s Best Friend. Tourists looking for an early lunch walk in the sun along Columbus Avenue, mingling with locals running errands. I step inside the tiny shop and have no idea what to do. There are packages everywhere, and yet I don’t recognize a single brand. That’s the store’s specialty: High quality niche groceries. I walk to the cashier.

“I heard that you guys sell Bitcoins. Can I get some here?”

She says yes, but has no idea how to sell them. Can I wait, she asks. She calls the company’s founder, an ex-Googler named Adam Sah who explains things to me on the telephone. I hand the clerk a $20 bill. She hands me a sharpie. I write my email address on a paper towel. The clerk tells me I’m her first-ever Bitcoin buyer. She’s a photographer, but she only does film photography, she says. “Digital doesn’t really exist,” she tells me.

A few minutes after I leave the store, Sah sends me a sixth of a Bitcoin using an online service called Coinbase.

Later, we meet up face-to-face and Sah tells me that he’s smoothed out his system. No more paper towels. And he says that technically, my Bitcoin buy was a violation of company policy. Buyer’s Best Friend will give you Bitcoins back for cash, much like you can get cash back from a credit card, but you are supposed to purchase something first.

For Sah, the Bitcoin trading is not a line of business; it’s way to get customers in the door. “Right now it’s all experimental,” he says. “For me it’s all about attracting new customers.” With some word of mouth buzz, and a listing on, Buyer’s Best Friend does about two to three Bitcoins worth of sales each day.

By the time I hit the Buttonwood meetup, a few weeks after Buyer’s Best Friend, I’ve done three separate Bitcoin buys. So when I meet John Light, I decide it’s time to sell. But by now, I don’t want cash, I want to get ahead on the next big crypto-currency trend. “Got any Litecoin?” I ask him. He does, but I don’t yet have a Litecoin wallet. And neither of us can figure out how to set one up on my iPhone. So I do something I’d probably never do over the internet. I trust him and send him the Bitcoins. Light says he’ll send me six-and-two-thirds Litecoins just as soon as I set up my wallet.

Three days later, I install the full Litecoin client on my PC and send him my address. It takes a few hours for the peer-to-peer software to download the entire history of the Litecoin blockchain and synch up with the network. But for the first time, I’m not trusting a third party like Coinbase to hold onto my wallet. Third parties can go out of business or get hacked, but with the wallet saved on my desktop, everything’s up to me. As long as I don’t get a keylogger- or a Litecoin-stealing Trojan on my computer, my virtual currency is secure.

Of course, I am trusting John Light not to take the Bitcoins I’ve given him and run.

A few hours later, the Litecoins come through. Untouched by any bank or exchange, they’re delivered via the peer-to-peer network. And though trading an obscure crypto currency may sound very modern, the whole transaction has a decidedly old-fashioned and human flavor to it. Yes, I can almost feel the shade of the Buttonwood tree.

U.S. Army Buying Millions of Rounds of Russian Ammo and Popular Civilian Firearms

Compelling proof Dept. of Defense is also drying up firearms and ammo supply.

Kit Daniels
July 26, 2013

The U.S. Army is now looking to stockpile nearly 3,000,000 live rounds of Soviet-era Russian ammo popular with civilian shooters.

Credit: Wikimedia Commons

Credit: Wikimedia Commons

A U.S. Army solicitation posted July 18 on the Federal Business Opportunities web site asks for “non-standard” ammunition from vendors which includes:

– 2,550,000 rounds of 7.62x39mm ball ammo
– 575,000 blank rounds of 7.62x39mm ammo and
– 425,000 rounds of 9x18mm Makarov ball ammo

The army intends to store all these rounds in ammo storage facilities at both Camp Stanley in Boerne, Texas and the Blue Grass Army Depot in Kentucky.

As the solicitation implies, the 7.62x39mm and the 9x18mm Makarov are not standard-issue in the U.S. military or NATO.

Rather they are calibers developed by the former Soviet Union which are now commonly used by civilian shooters in the United States.

The 7.62x39mm in particular is extremely popular with private gun owners due to the wide availability and affordability of both military surplus ammo and firearms chambered for this round, such as the AK-47 and the SKS.

Handguns chambered for the 9x18mm Makarov, such as the FEG PA-63, are common, inexpensive imports.

The desired list of calibers attached to a previous, related acquisition request also included oddball rounds such as the .303 British and the 7.62×25mm Tokarev.

In addition to this solicitation for nearly 3,000,000 live rounds of Russian calibers popular with the public, the army made a similar request last year for a long-term weapon supplier who can ship both foreign non-standard and obsolete U.S. military weapons anywhere in the world.

According to this 2012 request, the U.S. Army Armament Research, Development and Engineering Center (ARDEC) wanted to find a vendor who could “reach around the world at any given moment to gather and provide multiple types of weapons and weapon parts.”

The extensive list of desired weapons included firearms popular with civilians such as the aforementioned AK-47, 1911s, M1903 Springfields, Walther PP/PPKs (another common import), and other “commercial and para-military weapons.”

This solicitation also asked for “books, manuals, tools, and gauges” pertaining to the firearms.

Headquartered in New Jersey, ARDEC is primarily known for its research in advanced weapons such as lasers and nanotechnology.

These unusual requests prompt the question as to why the U.S. Army, and especially the army’s advanced weapons research and development division, needs a vast quantity of non-NATO rounds and decades-old – sometimes even 100-year-old – firearms popular with civilians for worldwide deployment “at any given notice.”

The ARDEC request in particular seems too broad.

Are World War I era M1903 Springfields really that common in today’s battlefields, or even the popular CZ-52 imports which have been retired from Czechoslovakian service since 1982?

Are these obsolete weapons used that frequently in current world conflicts to warrant specific mention in an army acquisition request?

Do century-old firearms really need to be shipped all around the world for “research and development?”

What about the huge purchase of 425,000 9x18mm Makarov rounds?

Are they going to somehow end up in the sidearms of Obama-backed Syrian rebels, especially after two congressional panels cleared the way for shipping small arms to Syria?

Handguns chambered in 9x18mm Makarov are still commonplace among Syrian militants because Syria received military aid from the Soviet Union for over 20 years.

These solicitations, with planned acquisitions ranging between $500,000 to $22,000,000, definitely forge fears of back door gun control by creating artificial scarcity that denies Americans access to a wide-range of firearms and ammo, especially in the wake of the U.N. arms trade treaty which was signed by Obama but rejected by the Senate.

Regardless of the army’s intentions, these large-scale purchases will only further intensify firearm and ammo shortages for gun owners across the country.